The history of soft drinks

 

The first soft drinks to be sold were introduced during the seventeenth century. It was the result made of the water along with lemon juice, sweetened with honey. In 1676, the Compagnie de Limonadiers was formed in Paris and given an exclusive right to sell for its goods. The vendors carried tankers on their backs, from where they served lemonade cups.

Carbonated drinks and water originated out of European efforts at the end of the 17th century mimic the famous and naturally effervescent water from the world-renowned springs and were primarily interested in their well-known curative properties. The effervescent aspect of the water was identified at an early time as the most important. Flemish researcher Jan Baptista van Helmont first utilized”gas” gas in comment on his research on the carbon dioxide content. French doctor Gabriel Venel referred to aerated water, and compared the gas with normal gas. British science researcher Joseph Black named the gaseous component fixed air..

Robert Boyle, an Anglo-Irish scientist and philosopher who was instrumental in the development of modern chemical science and chemistry, wrote the Short Memoirs of the Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters in 1685. It contained sections on studying mineral springs, the nature of water, its effects on human health, the human body as well as, “of the imitation of natural waters for healing by chemical and other synthetic methods.”

Numerous accounts of research and experiments were published into research and experiments were included in philosophical Transactions from the Royal Society of London in the latter part of the 17th century, and included studies from Stephen Hales, Joseph Black, David Macbride, William Brownrigg, Henry Cavendish as well as Thomas Lane.

English scientist and priest Joseph Priestley is known as “the pioneer of the industry of soft drinks” due to his work with gas derived from the fermentation vats of the brewery. In 1772, he presented an insignificant carbonating apparatus at members of the College of Physicians in London and suggested that, by using pumping, water could be more effectively imbibed with air that was fixed. French chemical scientist Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent proposed the same idea in 1773.

According to Thomas Henry, an apothecary located in Manchester, England, is acknowledged as the inventor of carbonated water. It was could be made in 12-gallon barrels by using an apparatus that was based off Priestley’s idea. Swiss jeweler Jacob Schweppe read the writings from Priestley along with Lavoisier and decided to create the same device. In 1794, he was selling his high-carbonated synthetic minerals to his close friends in Geneva Later, he established an enterprise in London.

In the beginning, water bottles were used for medicinal purposes as is evident in a note written by English industrialist Matthew Boulton to philosopher Erasmus Darwin in 1794:

J. Schweppe prepares his mineral waters in three varieties. No. 1 is for common drinks during dinner. No. 2 is for patients suffering from nephritis and No. 3 is the one with the highest alkali that is only used in more aggressive instances.

In the year 1820, advancements in manufacturing techniques allowed for more efficient production and bottled water was very popular. The addition of flavours and mineral salts was added- ginger in 1820, lemon around the 1830s, and and tonic after 1858. In 1886, John Pemberton, a pharmacist in Atlanta, Georgia, invented Coca-Cola which was the first drink made from cola.